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CRJU374: Criminal Justice Research Methods: What is an Empirical Article?

Definition of Empirical

The Oxford English Dictionary defines empirical as "pursues knowledge by direct observation, investigation, or experiment (as distinct from deductive reasoning, abstract theorizing, or speculation); that relates to or derives from this method of pursuing knowledge"

Headings in an Empirical Article

Empricial articles are typically divided by headings into different sections.  Here are some example headings used in these sections which will help you identify an empirical article.