Empirical Journal Article
Empirical journal articles detail the findings of a study conducted by the author or authors. The study may be based on observation or research. Empirical evidence is usually presented in a journal article using statistics, tables, charts or graphs.
Abstract- Useful for Article Selection
*Introduction/ Literature Review- Article Selection and understanding what the article is about.
What is included may vary a bit. May include:
*Methodology- Judging credibility of article and finding data/ techniques for your own research.
Findings/Results- Checking author's conclusion against actual results.
Discussion/Conclusion- Interpreting the authors findings and how they fit into literature, implications for future research.
References/Works Cited/Bibliography- Finding similar resources, checking authors claims.
*Articles may call these different things.
1. Begin by reading the abstract to get a sense of the article's purpose and findings. Remember this is not an in depth treatment of the article and should only be used as a means to determine if the article is useful for your research
2. Skim the article, read headings to identify article structure, some articles may be labeled with sections, so label the parts yourself.
3. Read the introduction/literature review, look for the main argument. Think about these questions: What problem are they trying to solve? What has been done before? What do the authors believe needs to be done next? What is the hypothesis?
4. Read the methodology section. How did they collect the data? If analyzing data, where is the data coming from? Can you identify the variables?
5. Examine the Findings/Results. Look at tables and figures, see if you can determine what they found without reading the captions. Based upon your examination, do the findings support the hypothesis/argument?
6. Read the Discussion/Conclusion. Do the author(s) believe that their findings support their argument/hypothesis? Do they acknowledge limitations or issues with their research?
Have an idea for a tutorial that we should make next? Let us know!