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EPSY510: Integration of Learning Theories: Academic writing & APA style

APA Style tutorial

The American Psychological Association developed this standardized writing style for use in the social and behaviorial sciences.

For more information, check out "The Basics of APA Style Tutorial."

Print Guides to APA Style

When is a Citation Needed?

Any language or information that you take from an outside source must be cited.  The only exception to this is general or common knowledge.*

Online books on academic writing

Plagiarism, Paraphrasing and Quotation

  • Plagiarism includes the use of someone else's words or idea without giving proper credit and citations.
  • To avoid using another author's words, a student may paraphrase by putting an idea into their own words, but the idea must still be credited to the original author in a citation.
  • Any exact words or unique phrases taken from a source must be indicated by the use of quotation marks.
  • Phrases contained within quotation marks must be exactly as they appear in the original text.

From Purdue OWL:

"Why use quotations, paraphrases, and summaries?  Quotations, paraphrases, and summaries serve many purposes. You might use them to . . .

  • Provide support for claims or add credibility to your writing
  • Refer to work that leads up to the work you are now doing
  • Give examples of several points of view on a subject
  • Call attention to a position that you wish to agree or disagree with
  • Highlight a particularly striking phrase, sentence, or passage by quoting the original
  • Distance yourself from the original by quoting it in order to cue readers that the words are not your own
  • Expand the breadth or depth of your writing"

Tips for Avoiding Accidental Plagiarism

  • Take complete notes that mark where the information is coming from and any words or phrases taken directly from source material.
  • Keep citations as you go.
  • Always use quotation marks when using unique words or phrases found in your source material